It is a Grade I listed building and scheduled monument. magnates and power-brokers were constantly on the move. Its full extent is best appreciated from the opposite bank of the River Wye. Laugharne hoped to trap the Parliamentarians in the village and surrounding enclosures where their cavalry would be less effective. Colonel Ewer took Chepstow Castle by storm on 25 May. magnates and power-brokers were constantly on the move. This powerful defensive position can best be seen from several points on the English side of the river. Laugharne retreated to join Colonel Poyer at Pembroke while Colonel Horton marched to besiege Tenby Castle. In the 14th Century it changed hands many times, and its importance declined. Chepstow was still in possession of the earls of Worcester at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1642. The castle is perched on cliffs in the middle of the town of Chepstow overlooking the River Wye and like any 900 year old castle, it echoes with the ghosts of its past. The town walls, the barbican and castle towers were brought down by mining and gunpowder, though the castle was extensively restored during the 19th and 20th centuries. Yet in the first Civil War, it was held by the Royalists, who surrendered in 1645. Early in the morning of 8 May, Laugharne launched a surprise attack but was driven back when a counterattack by 50 Parliamentarian horse and dragoons routed the Royalist advance guard. The garrison was running short of food and ammunition and the soldiers were becoming mutinous when Cromwell issued a final summons on 10 July. Chepstow Castle was refortified by William Marshall between 1190 and his death in 1219 and then further enhanced by Roger Bigod in the 1270s. After the castle was fired, the garrison gave up. Lieutenant-General Oliver Cromwell with three regiments of foot and two of horse had reached Gloucester near the Welsh border when Laugharne's army was defeated at St Fagans. Having repelled Llywelyn, Caerphilly Castle became a palatial home, although its southeast tower was left leaning precariously after fighting during the 17th century English Civil War. For details on how to change your computer setting click here. Although re-garrisoned during and after the English Civil War, by the 1700s it had fallen into decay. While Cromwell hurried north to deal with Langdale's rebellion and the threat of a Scottish invasion, the renegades Laugharne, Poyer and Powell were sent to London. Poyer and Laugharne gave up the struggle and surrendered the next day. Chepstow Castle was one of several fortifications built to secure the River Wye and the southern March. His son and successor, Roger, lost the Castle to the King after an unsuccessful rebellion in 1075. The Siege of Pembroke took place in 1648 during the Second English Civil War. Tenby Castle was held by another discontented former Parliamentarian, Colonel Powell with 500 troops. It was used more as a stately home than as a defensive castle. (According to a later story, Pembroke surrendered after Cromwell was informed of a way to deprive the defenders of water by cutting a conduit pipe). http://bcw-project.org/military/second-civil-war/wales ... Over the next two hundred years, Chepstow Castle was put to residential and some manufactural use, and ultimately left to crumble. In April 1649, they were court-martialled and condemned to be executed by firing squad. In the 16th century the castle become more of a home than a castle and was modified for a more comfortable form of living, however it was during the English Civil War in the … Newman, Atlas of the English Civil War (London 1985), Dave Webb, A Great Victory in Wales (Orders of the day, Volume 30, Issue 2, Mar/Apr 1998), Home | Timelines | Biography | Military | Church & State Please visit stretches out along a limestone cliff above the River Wye took Chepstow Castle storm... 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