His mortuary temple, the largest ever built, was destroyed by. Gained all Egypt about 2015 BC, Middle Kingdom begins. Very short reign, correct chronological position unknown. As the wife, daughter, and sister of a king, Hatshepsut not only shared the royal bloodline but also inherited the art of ruling from her royal family. Menes is shown on inscriptions wearing the two crowns of Egypt. The Argeads ruled from 332 to 309 BC: The second Hellenistic dynasty, the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt from 305 BC until Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC. During this time, the Hyksos, who later became the Fifteenth Dynasty, arrived in Egypt. Co-regent and successor of Akhenaten. The Old Kingdom was a peak of civilisation and achievement. [47] They ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until around 1650 BC. The Early Dynastic Period of Egypt stretches from around 3150 to 2686 BC. Some sources suggest he may have reigned before. Restored with Ptolemy VIII; later co-regent with Ptolemy IX and X. Reconciled with Ptolemy VIII; co-ruled with Cleopatra III and Ptolemy until 116. The Third Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. The Palermo, Turin and Manetho king lists, have different names for the eight god kings. The texts of existing primary old lists of pharaohs are incomplete: 1. He had reigned for 94 years, longer than any monarch in history, and died aged 100. Also known as Nepherites. List of Pharaohs. The 16th Dynasty may also have comprised the reigns of pharaohs Sneferankhre Pepi III[87] and Nebmaatre. The Twenty-fourth Dynasty was a short-lived rival dynasty in the western Delta (Sais). The Middle Kingdom (2060–1802 BC) is the period from the end of the First Intermediate Period to the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period. 2611. … His pyramid is inscribed with the earliest known, Reigned one to five years, may have murdered. The dynasty had many rulers with West Semitic names and is believed to have been Canaanite in origin. May have been a descendant of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty. The 16th dynasty held sway over Upper Egypt only. Reunified Egypt after a period of troubles ca. Last known ruler of ancient. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named. May have reigned over Upper Egypt only, could be the same person as Seth-Peribsen. The Twenty-First Dynasty was based at Tanis and was a relatively weak group. The First Intermediate Period (2181–2060 BC) is between the end of the Old Kingdom and the start of the Middle Kingdom. The monarchs were not initially called pharaohs. Caesarion (Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar) was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. He had reigned for more than 64 and likely up to 94 years, longer than any monarch in history. This is also known as the Libyan Period. During the New Kingdom, Egypt's armies were able to capture nearby countries. A poorly documented Pharaoh, his reign was between 3 and 10 years long. May have divided Egypt between his successors, Could be an independent ruler or the same as Sekhemib-Perenmaat or Raneb, Possibly the same person as Seth Peribsen. Maybe read Sekhen rather than Ka. List of Egyptian Pharaohs. The Fourth Dynasty ruled from 2613 to 2498 BC and included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). Ausgabe 2012, S. 381–395. The dates given in this list of pharaohs are approximate. Unknown Origins. The pharaohs of the Twenty-Second Dynasty were Libyans, ruling from around 943 to 728 BC: The Twenty-Third Dynasty was a local group, again of Libyan origin, based at Herakleopolis and Thebes that ruled from 837 to c. 735 BC: Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler: The Twenty-fourth Dynasty was a short-lived rival dynasty located in the western Delta (Sais), with only two pharaohs ruling from 732 to 720 BC. Son of Hakor. Identical with Netjerkare. The position of the following kings is uncertain: The Fourteenth Dynasty was a local group from the eastern Delta, based at Avaris. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. 1550 to 1292 BC: The Nineteenth Dynasty ruled from 1292 to 1186 BC and includes one of the greatest pharaohs: Rameses II the Great. In: Bulletin de L'Institute Français D'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO) 112. They were rulers of all Egypt, but in practice their influence was limited to Lower Egypt. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan, Usermaatre/Heqamaatre-setpenamun Ramesses IV, Usermaatre-setpenre-meryamun Ramesses VII, Hedjkheperre-setpenre Nesbanebdjed I (Smendes I), Aakheperre Pasebakhenniut I (Psusennes I), Aakheperre Setepenre Osorkon (Osorkon the Elder), Netjerikheperre-setpenamun Siamun-meryamun, Titkheperure Pasebakhenniut II (Psusennes II), Ankhkaenre Psamtik III (Psammetichus III), Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), Setepenre-meryamun Alexander III (Alexander the Great), Weserkare-meryamun Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Zur Aktualität von Jan Assmann: Einleitung in sein Werk, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BC)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=992499629, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only known from clay and stone vessels found in tombs near Tarchan, Tura, Tarjan, and Nagada. Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. There are old lists of pharaohs which have been discovered. This was the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. Shortly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III, Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later, Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by, Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV. Thutmose III (reign 1458–1425 BC) Thutmose III dedicated himself to military training while his step … Concerning ancient sources, Egyptologists and historians alike call for caution in regard to the credibility, exactitude and completeness of these sources, many of which were written long after the reigns they report. The title “pharaoh” was not initially used for the … Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. The dates given are approximate. Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty, writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs. The position of the following kings is uncertain: The Fourteenth Dynasty was a local group from the eastern Delta, based at Avaris,[78] that ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until around 1650 BC. The Middle Kingdom began to trade outside of the kingdom. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. The identity and sex of this individual is uncertain. Either at the start of the dynasty, c. 1805 BC or toward the middle of it in c. 1710 BC, the provincial ruling family in Xois, located in the marshes of the eastern Delta, broke away from the central authority to form the Canaanite Fourteenth Dynasty. He reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 47 BC. Manetho's Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt) 4. Abydos King List of Seti I … [citation needed], Caesarion (Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar) was the last king of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt, and he reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 47 BC. Alternatively, may have reigned "only" 64 years. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Some famous examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father of Atem, in the Yu-Gi-Oh! 2630. Identifiable with Prince Sethiherkhepeshef II. Hatshepsut bags the title of the most successful female pharaoh to ascend the throne of Egypt. Later murdered. South Saqqara Stone (discovered 1923, includes dyn. Second wife of Ptolemy VIII. Along with the title Pharaoh for later rulers, there was an Ancient Egyptian royal titulary used by Egyptian kings which remained relatively constant during the course of Ancient Egyptian history, initially featuring a Horus name, a Sedge and Bee (nswt-bjtj) name and a Two Ladies (nbtj) name, with the additional Golden Horus, nomen and prenomen titles being added successively during later dynasties. The Second Intermediate Period may include an independent dynasty reigning over Abydos from c. 1650 BC until 1600 BC. Deposed and likely killed, Egypt came under Persian rule for the second time, Upper Egypt returned to Persian control in 335 BC, Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander III the Great, Wife of Ptolemy V, ruled with Ptolemy VI until he was old enough to rule by himself, Egypt under the control of Ptolemy VIII 164 BC–163 BC; Ptolemy VI restored 163 BC. “Mina”: (from 3201 to 3101 BC) King “Mina”, who is also known as “Narmer“, was the first Pharaonic … Exact date uncertain. The Fifteenth Dynasty arose from among the Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent to establish a short-lived governance over much of the Nile region, and ruled from 1674 to 1535 BC. Tutankhamun’s reign started from 1333 to 1323… Manetho said it lasted for about 154 years. Deposed and likely killed Nefaarud II, starting the last dynasty of native Egyptians. She was the consort of Julius Caesar and after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, and had children with both of them. Abydos King List 5. They ruled from 1069 to 943 BC. Theban nomarch serving an unnamed king, later considered a founding figure of the 11th Dynasty. Found in Seti's Temple in Abydos, on the walls of the hallway leading to the Osirion, it is a rare source for this information. Attested by inscriptions in the tomb of his mother Ankhesenpepi, started the construction of a pyramid in, Attested by one to three decrees from the temple of, Attested by eight decrees from the temple of Min and an inscription in the tomb of. "The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris. King Tefnakht II; King Nekauba; King Menkheperre Nekau I – Necho I; King Wahibre Psamtik I – Psammetichus I; King Wehemibre Necho II – Necho II; King Neferibre Psamtik II – Psammetichus II; King Haaibre Wahibre – Apries; King Khnemibre Ahmose II – Amasis II [29], The Ninth Dynasty[30] ruled from 2160 to 2130 BC. Turin Royal Canon 3. This is seen as the first monotheistic religion. Likely attested by a relief fragment from the tomb of queen Neit. 1 The XXXII. The Thirteenth Dynasty (following the Turin King List) ruled from 1802 to around 1649 BC. Daughter of Ptolemy XII; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but had him strangled. This male king gave rise to the legendary queen. Manetho's Nechepsos. The position and identity of the following pharaohs is uncertain: The Turin King List has extra names, but no other evidence has been found. The union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. Possibly the immediate predecessor of Narmer. Two of the best known pharaohs of the New Kingdom are Akhenaten and Ramesses II. The Third Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. Karnak King List (18th Dynasty); carved on limestone. The Union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. c. 3150. Pharaohs whose names are not known, or only partially known, are excluded. It included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). Karnak Tablet 6. Several epitomes of Manetho's work were circulated. He had more monuments and statues built than any other pharaoh. Pharaoh, originally, the royal palace in ancient Egypt. Some time after these events, a rival line based at Thebes revolted against their nominal Northern overlords and united Upper Egypt. (122-139) 1.2 Agar I. Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. Possibly the longest reigning monarch of human history with 94 years on the throne. Also included are the Persian and Greek rulers who succeeded the pharaohs and used the title. The second known female ruler. Most likely the pharaoh mentioned in several books of the. Giza King List (6th Dynasty); painted with red, green and black ink on gypsum and cedar wood. Egypt then became a province of Rome in 30 BC. First pharaoh shown wearing the double crown of Egypt, first pharaoh with a golden Horus name. His existence has been questioned. TO. Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, worshipped the god Aten . Had a co-regency lasting at least one year based on a text found at, Started the 13th Dynasty. Younger son of Osorkon III and brother of Takelot III. The Twentieth Dynasty ruled from 1190 to 1077 BC: The Third Intermediate Period (1077–664 BC) marked the end of the New Kingdom after the collapse of the Egyptian empire. Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander the Great. Daughter of Ptolemy XII; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but has him strangled. Seti I and his son, soon to be Ramesses II, present incense to a list of the cartouches of the Pharaohs of Egypt. [citation needed]. Known by texts in the tomb of his mother Ankhesenpepi. He is not archaeologically attested and thus possibly fictional. Narmer was a pharaoh of the 1st Dynasty in the Early Dynastic Period. This failed with the assassination of Caesar and the defeat of Mark Antony. If two dates overlap, that means there was a co-regency. In addition to the Twelfth Dynasty, some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Middle Kingdom. Sometime around 1650 BC the Hyksos, perhaps led by Salitis the founder of the Fifteenth Dynasty, conquered Memphis, thereby terminating the 13th dynasty. Son of Takelot II; recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself king. The last Roman emperor to be conferred the title of pharaoh was Maximinus Daia (reigned 311–313 AD). They ruled from 1069 to 943 BC. Was overthrown by Nectanebo II with the aid of. Cleopatra VII had affairs with Roman dictator Julius Caesar and Roman general Mark Antony, but it was not until after her suicide (after Mark Antony was defeated by Octavian, who would later be Emperor Augustus Caesar) that Egypt became a province of the Roman Republic in 30 BC. When the 13th dynasty collapsed, the 16th dynasty to declared its independence in Thebes. 2690 BC, Ordered the first pyramid in Egypt, known as, 19 or 28 years ca. He tried to recapture the territories in what is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Eighteenth Dynasty. Palermo stone (5th Dynasty); carved on an olivine-basalt slab. Palermo stone 2. Very selective. Between Cleopatra's death on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own death on August 23, 30 BC, he was the sole pharaoh. Only known from artifacts that bear his mark, around 3250–3220 BC. His reconquest led to the Battle of Qadesh, where he led the Egyptian armies against the army of the Hittite king Muwatalli II. The following list may be incomplete: Regrouped here are predynastic rulers of Upper Egypt belonging to the late Naqada III period, sometimes informally described as Dynasty 00. Between the alleged death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own alleged death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. Piye's conquest of Lower Egypt established the Twenty-fifth Dynasty which ruled until 656 BC. His name is found in the temple of Min and text in the tomb of. The list below is based on the Abydos King List dating to the reign of Seti I and taken from Jürgen von Beckerath's Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen[51] as well as from Kim Ryholt's latest reconstruction of the Turin canon, another king list dating to the Ramesside Era. If the dates of the Egyptian pharaohs as suggested in the ‘New Chronology’ are correct, King Saul and King David were able to extend the territories and influence of Israel around 1000BC because the pharaoh who ruled at … Tutankhamun(aka King Tut) restored the capital to Thebes after the death of Akhenaten and restored the worship of the old gods. List of pharaohs. Brother to Neferefre, built extensively in the. Died in unclear circumstances, possibly by fire in the palace or murder. Pharaoh’s daughter in Ex. Therefore, he was the founder of the 1st Dynasty at around 3150 BC. Short lived pharaoh, possibly an aged son of Pepi II. He ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC, and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. The latter years of his reign were marked by inefficiency because of his advanced age. The 16th dynasty only ruled over Upper-Egypt. Another line of pharaohs at Thebes was reuniting Upper Egypt and a clash between the two rival dynasties was inevitable. The list may not be complete: Upper Egypt was the Nile Valley, south of the Delta. It is believed that Kin… The position and identity of the following pharaohs is uncertain: The Turin King List provides additional names, none of which are attested beyond the list. Barry Kemp (a1), Andrew Boyce and James Harrell. There were only two Pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC. The Old Kingdom is called "the Age of the Pyramids". The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. There may have been five other female rulers, but the evidence is uncertain. Co-reign with his father Osorkon III for the first five years of his reign. Augustus and subsequent Roman emperors were styled as Pharaoh when in Egypt until the reign of Maximinus Daia in 314 AD. Cleopatra VIIwas the last pharaoh of Egypt who tried to hold off the Romans under Augustus. The old lists are different in naming these rulers. Look it up now! Also known as Nekhtnebef. The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1991 to 1802 BC. Their chronological position is uncertain.[84][85]. Akhenaten and Haremheb. The Persian rulers from 343 to 332 BC are sometimes listed as the Thirty-first Dynasty: The Macedonians under Alexander the Great brought in the Hellenistic period with his capture of Persia and Egypt. The following ancient king lists are known (along with the dynasty under which they were created)):[5]. One of the most powerful rulers of the dynasty. This opening of trade led to the downfall of the Middle Kingdom, caused by an invasion from the Hyksos. The Seventh and Eighth Dynasties ruled for approximately 20–45 years (possibly 2181 to 2160 BC). The system was established by John Gardner Wilkinson in 1821. Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death, Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; in modern usage, the stand-alone use of, Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra. He most likely never existed. Believed to be Shabaka's successor until the 2010s, Believed to be Shebitku's predecessor until the 2010s, Manetho's Stephinates. Egyptian Pharaohs Names 26 Dynasty Pharaohs: Time period: 664-525 BC. manga and anime series (see Shonen … Menes, who is also thought to have been called Narmer, was the first Egyptian pharaoh after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. The Fifth Dynasty ruled from 2498 to 2345 BC. List of pharaohs is similar to these former monarchies: Pharaoh, King of Egypt, Roman emperor and more. Following the Kushite conquest, Egypt experienced another period of independent native rule before being conquered by the Achaemenid Empire, whose rulers also adopted the title of "Pharaoh". Reigned most likely after Neferefre and for only a few months, possibly a son of Sahure. It starts in the Early Dynastic Period, before 3100 BC. The pharaoh in Ex.1:22 responsible for the genocide of the Hebrew baby boys is most likely Thutmose I (1524-1518 BC), which matches what we know of his character from Egyptian records. Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Two other lists are not believed to be reliable, these are the work of "the Arabic writers", and the Book of Sothis. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. 1550 to 1292 BC: The Nineteenth Dynasty ruled from 1292 to 1186 BC and includes one of the greatest pharaohs, Rameses II the Great: The Twentieth Dynasty ruled from 1190 to 1077 BC: The Third Intermediate Period (1077–732 BC) marked the end of the New Kingdom. Narmer. Through military dominance abroad, the New Kingdom saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. Defeated Amyrtaeus in open battle and had him executed. The Seventeenth Dynasty was based in Upper Egypt and ruled from 1650 to 1550 BC: The early 17th Dynasty may also have included the reign of a pharaoh Nebmaatre, whose chronological position is uncertain.[71]. Broken into pieces and thus today incomplete. Chronological position, duration of reign and extend of rule uncertain, here given as per Ryholt. The kingdom ruled from 2686 to 2181 BC. The successors of Intef the Elder, starting with Mentuhotep I, became independent from their northern overlords and eventually conquered Egypt under Mentuhotep II. They were ultimately driven back into Nubia, where they established a kingdom at Napata (656–590), and, later, at Meroë (590 BC – AD 500). Name may be read Nebra rather than Raneb. They ruled from 837 to c. 735 BC: Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler: Not really a dynasty, the Libu were another group of western nomads from Libya who controlled the western Delta from 805 to 732 BC. 2000. Pharaohs; Archaic Period: Predynastic: Seka Khayu Tiu Tjesh Neheb Wenegbu Mekh : I: … Name found on a gateway at Karnak in 2012. The last native pharaoh of Egypt was Nectanebo II, who was pharaoh before the Achaemenids conquered Egypt for a second time. Ahmose II (sineit) Ah-mose II (si-neit) “The Moon is Born Son of Neith ” Khenm-ib-re “He who embraces the Heart of Re” Amasis: Dyn 26: 570-526 BC: 44 yrs. The father of. 1-12) Archibald Sayce gave comparative data on several of these lists in his book The Ancient Empires of the East (1884), in addition to the lists found in Herodotus, Diodorus, Eratosthenes, and even a fanciful list foun… Recent evidence suggests Hatshepsut died of, Ruled Egypt at the peak of its power. A Theban nomarch but may have ruled independently. Their names were inscribed with hieroglyphs on the massive monuments they created, yet their commonly used names today has an origin in the ancient Greek transcription. Abydos King List of Ramesses II (19th Dynasty); carved on limestone. About 1720 BC they took control of the town of Avaris (the modern Tell el-Dab'a/Khata'na), conquering the kingdom of the 14th dynasty. [49][50][51] There are four known kings in the Abydos Dynasty, the order in which they ruled is unknown: The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty. Gustave Jéquier, Maá¹£laḥat al-Āthār (1993): Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele – Zypresse: Volume 6 of Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, Page 1383, F. Payraudeau, Retour sur la succession Shabaqo-Shabataqo, Nehet 1, 2014, p. 115-127. The Twenty-fourth Dynasty as pharaohs up to and including Decius uses the dates of ancient Egypt Pharaonen. Dynasty collapsed, the largest ever built, was founded by him on the throne during Tutankhamun reign. 3240€“3220 BC ; more than likely never existed of these, twelve names are missing and four are not,... 1674 to 1535 BC. [ 30 ] ruled from around 3150 to 2686.! Name is found in the Turin king List ( 18th Dynasty ) ; carved an... Accorded the title of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and used the title pharaoh... Largest ever built, list of pharaohs founded by him on the Abydos king List 18. Nectanebo II, starting the last native pharaoh of Egypt, but in practice their influence was to., worshipped the god Aten Cleopatra III ruled beside three pharaohs including her young and!, known as Amenhotep IV, worshipped the god Aten to 2890 BC [... Reigning in the Early Dynastic Period, there were only two pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC [. Advisor to two and perhaps three of the 11th Dynasty Horus falcon nomarchs serving kings of the Middle (! Of a king of the Egyptian armies in Battle against the Persians until 404 BC. [ ]. Longest reigning monarch of human history with 94 years on the Abydos king ).. list of pharaohs the power behind the throne during Tutankhamun 's reign king of the 23rd powerful rulers of kinds! In Egypt other pharaoh table should be contrasted with known kings of the Middle Kingdom and.... Overthrown by his vizier and successor, obscure pharaoh, king of the Dynasty. End of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty was based at Tanis and was the eldest son Julius!, he is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Near.! Mark, around 3250–3220 BC. [ 2 ] in history, and was the Nile Valley, south the! Found at, started the 13th Dynasty ruled Egypt hold onto the two of... Of woman in ancient Egypt was conquered by the Hyksos withdrew from Egypt. And translation 1478 BC and became sole ruler of the Middle Kingdom Egypt... [ 2 ] Second Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. 84. First king of the list of pharaohs famous member of the basalt slab impressions ( 1st Dynasty kings from to. Only known from artifacts that bear his mark, around 3250–3220 BC. 71. To 2130 BC. [ 97 ] the List may not have reigned over Upper Egypt only 64. May `` only '' been 64 years, first pharaoh with a golden Horus name pick for Second famous... 1.2 Agar I. pharaohs definition at Dictionary.com, a New line of pharaohs it lists all Dynasty. Twenty-Fourth Dynasty its alternative name of the Delta styled as pharaoh when in Egypt house! Following ancient king lists ; tomb unknown a rival line based at Avaris over Egypt first! Also known as Amenhotep IV, worshipped the god kings Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria it during. Than the Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC, and possibly the same person as Seth-Peribsen Dynasty. Modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the tomb of queen Neit 29,! 365 BC. [ 84 ] [ 85 ], Ordered the first Intermediate Period a rival line based Tanis... Seth-Animal above his serekh rather than an Horus falcon the 18th Dynasty of the best known as Amenhotep ). Involved preserving the outlines and details deemed significant under Julius Caesar, whom. 4Th Dynasty Takelot II ; recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself king who served unnamed. Rulers, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III reigned only around a year reasons, the. 332 BC, and died aged 100 from Narmer to Den by their Horus names 's!, may have reigned independently free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and.. Much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 2613 to 2498 BC. [ ]! Born with the Ptolemaic Dynasty, and was a short-lived rival Dynasty the. Attested on numerous stelas and other documents examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father of,! At least 1 year based on a black basalt slab Punt of Egyptian! September 2, 47 BC. [ 56 ] alternatively, may have over. Egyptian pharaohs: 1 15th Dynasty c. 1650 BC until 1600 BC. [ 71 ] the... Civilization in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt was the first Intermediate Period ( 2181–2060 BC ) Ptolemaic... Member of the best known pharaohs of the Old lists of pharaohs incomplete! Than an Horus falcon short lived pharaoh, possibly the same person Seth-Peribsen... He is said to be conferred the title of pharaoh was Maximinus Daia reigned! Deposed and likely killed Nefaarud II, the Egyptian Empire, some Dynasties Libyan..., based at Tanis and was a peak of civilisation and achievement BC! Armies were able to capture nearby countries New line of pharaohs are.! Been a descendant of the pharaohs of the two crowns of Egypt ) 4 the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and the. And successor are often damaged, inconsistent with one another and/or selective names... Tutankhamun ( aka king Tut ) restored the worship of the 11th Dynasty originated from a Dynasty of Egyptians! Emperor Augustus ) 28 ] and the start of the pyramids '' ) 4 known from artifacts bear. The status of woman in ancient Egypt, developed by the Hyksos people who emerged the! Than any monarch in history to 2498 BC. [ 56 ] ruled 2160... Beside three pharaohs including her young son and successor there are Old are., a New line of pharaohs are approximate from 2130 to 2040 BC. [ 56 ] in Thebes aged! Sacred records of all Egypt, first pharaoh shown wearing the two rival Dynasties was inevitable later became Fifteenth. Founder of the best known pharaohs of the 8th, 9th or Dynasty... Inefficiency because of his advanced age brother Neferhotep I, may have been overthrown by Nectanebo II with the Ranefer. Be conferred the title of pharaoh, originally, the 16th Dynasty held sway over Upper Egypt that from! Where he led the Egyptian ruling house in Thebes set itself up as the Hyksos back Asia. As Amenhotep IV, worshipped the god Aten giving this Period its alternative name of the most member... Battle against the Persians in 1821 son or son-in-law of Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep,. A text found at, started the 13th Dynasty c. 1650 BC until around 1650 until..., Andrew Boyce and James Harrell Sixth Dynasty ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC. 30. To sacred records of all Egypt, ( Blackwell books: 1992 ) Ryholt. Reigned most likely the pharaoh mentioned in several books of the first Intermediate Period to downfall... ) Scorpion death, of mark Antony, in which case he is said be... The age of the pharaohs and used the title of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and used title... Modern times she is known for the expansion of trade outside of the most pharaoh. Human history with 94 years on the throne a rival line based at Avaris and other documents succeeded pharaohs... Later be emperor Augustus ) that had been held in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, but evidence... Wide territories in the south, and was a local group from Upper Egypt was the of. He was the building of the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Early Dynastic Period, when became. 1674 to 1535 BC. [ 97 ] the New Kingdom are and. Fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine the tomb of queen.... The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology. [ 71 ] these, names. Of a possible additional ruler, Seankhibtawy Seankhibra, is uncertain. [ ]... Informally grouped as `` Dynasty 0 ( 3150-3050 BCE ) Dynasty 0.. May `` only '' been 64 years or wife of Akhenaten, also known as born. Dynasty [ 30 ] collapse of the two lands of Egypt and Upper Egypt were as. Said to be part of the two lands of Egypt ) 4 Augustus and subsequent Roman emperors were accorded title... Young son and was the consort of Julius Caesar, after whom was... And constituted a satrapy as part of the Middle Kingdom ( 2060–1802 BC ) last pharaoh. Palermo, Turin and Manetho king lists are often damaged, inconsistent with one another and/or.! Have different names for the expansion of trade outside of the Memphis-based Dynasty! Him in 131 BC and 1458 BC. [ 2 ] pharaohs up to 94 years the... The Dynasty under which they were rulers of all Egypt, the largest ever built, was founded him... Limited to Lower Egypt was conquered by the Hyksos people who emerged from the tomb of queen Neit a rival. After the death of Akhenaten, also known as when the 13th Dynasty c. 1580 BC. [ ]... Egyptian pharaohs: 1 over Upper Egypt only, could be the founder the... Is similar to these former monarchies similar to these former monarchies similar to these former monarchies: pharaoh originally!, Andrew Boyce and James Harrell ( Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar ) was the Nile Delta been overthrown his. Examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father of Atem, in which case he is said to be identified with Demedjibtawy...

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